PTE Academic / March 27, 2017 / Posted By Aussizz Group Essay writing is one of the most challenging tasks that send chills down the test takers’ spine. And not only for the non-natives, but native speakers as well. Writing a 300 words essay in just 20 minutes causes panic stations; however, paying attention to some details and putting some efforts can see you home. Understanding the PTE Essay Writing Format and item traits they are looking for in an essay is quite crucial to getting a decent essay writing score. Below are the 7 item traits, your essay is evaluated on: Content Formal Requirement Development, Structure and Coherence Grammar General Linguistic Range Vocabulary Range Spelling A test taker’s essay is rated on a scale of 0 to 3, 3 apparently being the highest and 0 being the lowest. The essay is not evaluated and given a zero right away if The response Is totally irrelevant to the prompt The response Is written in any language other than English The response was written in CAPS There is no written response UNDERSTANDING ITEM TRAIT #1 - CONTENT The test taker’s response to the prompt is evaluated on all aspects of content. Whether or not the response includes relevant and supporting details, appropriate examples and explanations in line with the test taker’s perspective. Rated on a scale of 0 to 3 The maximum score of 3 is awarded when the response deals with the prompt in a satisfactory manner. 2 is awarded if the content deals with the response in adequately, but neglects one minor aspect. The response is awarded 1 if the response fails to deal with more than one aspect or one major aspect. 0 is awarded when the response fails to deal with the prompt in a satisfactory manner. UNDERSTANDING ITEM TRAIT #2 - FORMAL REQUIREMENT Formal requirement refers to the length requirement of the response. Word count for an ideal response varies between 200-300. Any response with less than 120 words or more than 380 words gets disqualified and is awarded a zero right away. Rated on a scale of 0 to 2 A response between 200-300 words is awarded 2 which is the maximum score. 1 is awarded if length of the response is either between 120 to 199 words or 301 to 380 words. Besides if the response is of less than 120 words or more than 380 words, it is awarded a zero also when it consists of just bullet points or very short sentences. UNDERSTANDING ITEM TRAIT #3 - DEVELOPMENT, STRUCTURE & COHERENCE Development, structure & coherence in a response is scored on the basis of the demonstration of thoughts & ideas and logical structure. Rated on a scale of 0 to 2 The maximum marks awarded for this trait is 2 and the minimum is 0. If the response demonstrates a logical structure and good development of ideas, it is given a 2. It’s awarded 1, if the Test Taker fails to structure it well and some constituents are inappropriately linked. Lack of coherence, development of ideas and a logical structure invites a zero. UNDERSTANDING ITEM TRAIT #4 - GRAMMAR The response is expected to be grammatically correct throughout for a perfect score. Rated on a scale of 0 to 2 If the response demonstrates excellent control over grammar and there are hardly any easy to spot errors then it’s awarded a 2. A response with fairly good control over grammar that doesn’t have any mistakes which could alter the meaning or cause misunderstandings is awarded 1. Zero is awarded to a response with several mistakes and/or simple sentence structures. UNDERSTANDING ITEM TRAIT #5 - GENERAL LINGUISTIC RANGE This item trait is evaluated and awarded a score on the basis of how precisely the response conveys the test taker’s ideas. Rated on a scale of 0 to 2 Again, rated on a scale of 0 to 2, 0 being the lowest and 2 being the highest. The response is given a 2, If the test taker was able to demonstrate expression of his/her ideas in a lucid manner with emphasis on critical aspects and elimination of any sort of ambiguity. If the essay demonstrates a fair range of linguistic range, crystal clear expression of view and ability to present arguments, it will be given 1. On the other hand, a response which consists of basic language and lacks precision is awarded 0. UNDERSTANDING ITEM TRAIT #6 - VOCABULARY Test taker’s vocabulary range is deemed good, if the essay demonstrates good lexical range. Rated on a scale of 0 to 2 2 is awarded when the response consists of good use of idioms, phrases and colloquial expressions. If the essay shows fairly good vocabulary related to general academic subjects, but there are lexical deficiencies leading to imprecision, then the response is awarded a 1. The response is awarded a zero if it contains basic vocabulary and the vocabulary range is not found upto the mark to deal with the topic. UNDERSTANDING ITEM TRAIT #7 - SPELLING Self explanatory as it is, the response is graded on the basis of correct spellings. Rated on a scale of 0 to 2 If all words used in the response are spelt correctly, but there’s just one or no typing errors at all. If there is one incorrectly spelt word and/or multiple typos, it will be given a 1. Multiple spelling mistakes and plenty of typing errors will result in a zero.